Background

Nepal is a unique country situated at the heart of the Himalayas. Bounded by the cold, arid Tibetan Plateau to the North and the hot, humid Indian plains to the South, it is famous for its culture and spectacular mountain scenery. Among ten highest peaks of the world, eight are found within its borders, including Sagarmatha, 8,848 m (Mount Everest) as the highest peak. State No. 3 is one of the seven states of Nepal. Owing to its topographical diversity it has almost all types of landforms but it is mostly hilly and mountainous. It occupies an area of 20,300 Km which accounts for 13.795% of the total area of the country. The topographical diversity has a very unique nature since enormous diversity of landforms is found within a very short distance. Gaurishankar, Langtang, Jugal and Ganesh are above 7000 m and are landmark mountains in the State. Trishuli is the largest watershed region alongwith 10 other sub watershed regions. 33 rivers form the natural drainage of this region make it rich in natural assets. This proves that State 3 should make a significant intervention on conservation of these resources connecting science and technology for sustainable development and prosperity.

In this context, Ministry of Industry, Tourism, Forests and Environment, State No. 3, Hetauda in collaboration with Central Department of Hydrology and Meteorology (CDHM), Tribhuvan University (TU) is going to organize an International (SAARC) Youth Scientific Conference (IYSC) on Science and Technology for Prosperity: “Connecting Lives with Land, Water and Environment” from 5-6 June, 2019 in Kathmandu, Nepal. The motto of the program is to utilize latest science and technology for the preservation of land, water and environment to achieve sustainable development and prosperity.

Furthermore, the conference has been devised to share valuable experiences of young scientists, in the SAARC region, who are working in the areas of climate, land, water, forest, agriculture, tourism, industry and overall environment. In particular, natural resource management is the key area of the platform which the conference is supposed to create.

With the implementation of the present constitution, Nepal has entered the era of federal democratic republicanism. Ministry of Industry, Tourism, Forests and Environment, State No. 3 has the responsibilities of devising and implementing policies, plans and programs on climate, industry, tourism, trade and commerce, science and technology and forests and environment. It also creates a nexus between federal government and local levels facilitating the developments on the aforementioned areas. This conference will be a milestone for sharing invaluable experiences of the young scientists which would be fruitful for formulating necessary policies plans and programs in this State.

Preservation of environment and natural resources is no more a local issue. It is a global issue since change in the status of an environment at one place directly or indirectly affects the environment of others. Himalayas of Nepal are the key components of the larger ecosystem in compassing the lower Himalayas, Gangatic plain and the whole Ganga river system. This means change in the status of Himalayas would definitely affect the whole SAARC region. This international conference is expected to bring together the experiences of the scientists in natural resource management of the SAARC region who are connected in one way or other with this magnificent ecosystem.

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